The department includes specialized units such as marine patrol, investigations, rapid deployment team, traffic unit, honor guard, internal affairs investigator, a school resource/D.A.R.E./P.A.L. officer, dispatchers, municipal utility workers, property and evidence manager, and part-time crossing guards. The Key Biscayne Police Department's philosophy from the beginning has been to respond as quickly as possible to all calls and "take our time to help with the problem and try to resolve the issue." This is the philosophy of community policing embodied in the Department's Mission Statement. Community policing often requires officers to be on calls for an extended period of time, following-up on investigations or problem solving.
In 2021, the KBPD was re-accredited by the Commission for Florida Law Enforcement Accreditation (CFA) with Excelsior Status, the highest recognition the agency bestows.